Aextoxicon Ruíz & Pav.



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Aextoxicon is the only genus in the Aextoxicaceae, a family that has been associated previously with the Aquifoliaceae, Celastraceae, Elaeagnaceae, Euphorbiaceae and Icacinaceae, although DNA and wood anatomy both link it to the Berberidopsidaceae (APG 2003, Carlquist 2003). Aextoxicon is monospecific, comprising only the species A. punctatum (Govaerts 2000a).

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The black fruits of Aextoxicon punctatum gave rise to the local name Olivillo in its native Chile. Seen here at Los Molinos, Valdivia in May 2007. Image S. O’Brien.

Species articles