Arbutus andrachne L.

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Bean

Genus

Glossary

calyx
(pl. calyces) Outer whorl of the perianth. Composed of several sepals.
corolla
The inner whorl of the perianth. Composed of free or united petals often showy.
entire
With an unbroken margin.
glabrous
Lacking hairs smooth. glabrescent Becoming hairless.
glandular
Bearing glands.
glaucous
Grey-blue often from superficial layer of wax (bloom).
globose
globularSpherical or globe-shaped.
ovate
Egg-shaped; broadest towards the stem.
reflexed
Folded backwards.

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Bean

An evergreen tree 30 to 40 ft high in a wild state, but usually a shrub 10 to 20 ft high in Great Britain; young shoots glabrous; bark on older branches peeling and reddish brown. Leaves oval, usually 2 to 4 in. long, 1 to 2 in. wide, dark glossy green above, paler below, glabrous, toothed in young specimens and on very vigorous shoots, but entire in the adult normal state; stalks 12 to 1 in. long. Flowers produced during March and April in terminal, downy panicles, 2 to 4 in. long and wide; corolla pitcher-shaped, 14 in. long, dull white, with five shallow, reflexed lobes at the contracted mouth; calyx lobes ovate, pointed; flower-stalks glandular-hairy. Fruit globose, 12 in. diameter, much smoother than that of A. unedo, orange red. Bot. Mag., t. 2024.

Native of S.E. Europe, especially in the Eastern Mediterranean region; introduced from Smyrna in 1724. It is but little known in cultivation, nearly all the plants so-called being A. × andrachnoides. From A. unedo it is distinguished by its comparatively broader, toothless leaves and smooth shoots; and from A. menziesii by the leaves being less glaucous beneath, the smaller panicles, and the more compact habit.

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