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The monospecific genus Nothotsuga is closely related to Keteleeria and Pseudolarix, all three genera having terminally clustered male strobili and cones on long, leafy peduncles. In all three also, the seed scales are shed by disintegration of the rachis, rather than abscission of the individual scales as in Abies and Cedrus (Frankis 1988). Nothotsuga longibracteata was formerly classified as a species of Tsuga, and its vegetative morphology resembles that of Tsuga in many ways. It can be distinguished, however, by the presence of a long, leafy peduncle on the female cone, by its clustered male strobili, and by the exserted, spathulate bract scales of the cone (Page 1988).