Abies holophylla Maxim.

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Article from Bean's Trees and Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles



Term used here primarily to indicate the seed-bearing (female) structure of a conifer (‘conifer’ = ‘cone-producer’); otherwise known as a strobilus. A number of flowering plants produce cone-like seed-bearing structures including Betulaceae and Casuarinaceae.


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Article from Bean's Trees and Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles

A tree up to 150 ft high in the wild, with a trunk 12 ft in girth; winter buds slightly resinous; young shoots not downy, slightly grooved, yellowish grey. Leaves 34 to 134 in. long, not notched at the tip but bluntish or abruptly pointed there; shining dark green above with the two stomatic bands beneath inconspicuously marked. Cone cylindrical, 4 to 5 in. long, green at first, pale brown when mature; bracts hidden.

Native of Manchuria and Korea; introduced to the United States from the latter country in 1905. E. H. Wilson, who saw it not uncommonly 100 ft in Korea, ranked it with A. homolepis for beauty as a garden tree, but in this country it has not lived up to his expectations and remains very rare. There are two trees at Westonbirt, the larger 44 × 312 ft (1963); and three at Borde Hill, Sussex, the largest 61 × 334 ft (1968).

From the Supplement (Vol. V)

specimens: National Pinetum, Bedgebury, Kent, pl. 1929, 58 × 412 ft (1977); Wakehurst Place, Sussex, in Golf Ground Extension, 60 × 312 ft (1981); Borde Hill, Sussex, 77 × 414 ft (1981); Westonbirt, Glos., 62 × 412 ft (1979); Powis Castle, Powys, 69 × 334 ft (1981); Beaufront Castle, Northumb., 50 × 412 ft (1982); Crathes Castle, Aberd., in the Woods, 48 × 412 ft (1981); Headfort, Co. Meath, Eire, pl. 1929, 56 × 414 ft (1980); Birr Castle, Co. Offaly, pl. 1928, 59 × 434 ft (1985).


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