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A medium-sized tree with a greyish trunk and limbs, and a bushy head of branches; young shoots downy. Leaves obliquely ovate or ovate-lanceolate, slenderly (often rather abruptly) pointed, coarsely toothed; 21⁄2 to 4 in. long, broadly wedge-shaped at the base; upper surface covered when young with short, bristle-like hairs which mostly fall away, leaving it slightly rough; lower surface covered at first with softer down, most of which also falls away except on the midrib and veins; stalk downy, 1⁄4 to 1⁄2 in. long. Fruit 1⁄3 in. diameter, yellow, borne on a slender stalk about 1 in. long.
Native of Afghanistan, N. India, Caucasus, etc.; raised at Kew from seed sent from Afghanistan by Dr Aitchison when he was attached to the Delimitation Commission (1884–5). It is very closely allied to C. australis, but is evidently a much hardier tree, and far better adapted for cultivation in the south of England. It differs from that species in its comparatively shorter, broader leaves with less drawn-out points, less downy, and usually more coarsely toothed.
The two examples at Kew now measure 33 × 5 ft and 41 × 41⁄4 ft (1981).