Cephalanthus occidentalis l.

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Credits

Article from Bean's Trees and Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles

Recommended citation
'Cephalanthus occidentalis' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/cephalanthus/cephalanthus-occidentalis/). Accessed 2021-09-17.

Common Names

  • Buttonbush

Other taxa in genus

    Glossary

    corolla
    The inner whorl of the perianth. Composed of free or united petals often showy.
    family
    A group of genera more closely related to each other than to genera in other families. Names of families are identified by the suffix ‘-aceae’ (e.g. Myrtaceae) with a few traditional exceptions (e.g. Leguminosae).
    glabrous
    Lacking hairs smooth. glabrescent Becoming hairless.
    midrib
    midveinCentral and principal vein in a leaf.
    ovate
    Egg-shaped; broadest towards the stem.
    style
    Generally an elongated structure arising from the ovary bearing the stigma at its tip.

    References

    There are no active references in this article.

    Credits

    Article from Bean's Trees and Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles

    Recommended citation
    'Cephalanthus occidentalis' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/cephalanthus/cephalanthus-occidentalis/). Accessed 2021-09-17.

    A deciduous shrub from 3 to 6 ft, occasionally 10 to 15 ft high, with glabrous, shining, olive-green young stems. Leaves opposite, in pairs or in threes, oval or ovate, 2 to 5 in. long, about half or scarcely half as wide; tapering at both ends, glabrous and glossy dark green above, paler and slightly downy on the midrib and veins beneath; stalks 14 to 34 in. long. Flowers small, crowded in quite globular heads 1 to 114 in. across, or, including the projecting styles, 38 in. more; these heads are borne at the end of the shoot solitary or in fours, often supplemented by others in the uppermost leaf-axils. Corolla creamy white, with a slender tube and four rounded lobes; style very long.

    Native of the eastern United States and Canada; introduced in 1735. It reaches from New Brunswick to Florida, and the same species is said to occur in Cuba. It is usually found in moist situations, and in cultivation is averse to dryness at the root; it thrives well in a peaty soil. Flowering in August, it is desirable on that account, and although not showy, is interesting as one of the few hardy shrubby plants in the large family to which it belongs. It possesses bitter, tonic properties similar to those of its ally, the cinchona (quinine) plant. It is best propagated from imported seeds, the plants so raised thriving better than those raised from cuttings or layers.