Ceratonia L.

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Credits

Article from New Trees, Ross Bayton & John Grimshaw

Recommended citation
'Ceratonia' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/ceratonia/). Accessed 2021-09-26.

Family

  • Leguminosae (Caesalpinioideae)

Common Names

  • Carob Trees

Species in genus

Glossary

axillary
Situated in an axil.
caducous
Falling off early.
calyx
(pl. calyces) Outer whorl of the perianth. Composed of several sepals.
androdioecious
With only male or only hermaphrodite flowers on individual plants.
indehiscent
Not opening naturally; remaining closed at maturity. (Cf. dehiscent.)
legume
Two-valved fruit formed from a single carpel widely known as a ‘pod’ typical of most members of the legume family (Leguminosae). The word has come to be used as much for members of the family as for their distinctive fruits.
imparipinnate
Odd-pinnate; (of a compound leaf) with a central rachis and an uneven number of leaflets due to the presence of a terminal leaflet. (Cf. paripinnate.)
pendent
Hanging.
imparipinnate
Odd-pinnate; (of a compound leaf) with a central rachis and an uneven number of leaflets due to the presence of a terminal leaflet. (Cf. paripinnate.)
polygamous
With unisexual and bisexual flowers on same plant.

References

There are no active references in this article.

Credits

Article from New Trees, Ross Bayton & John Grimshaw

Recommended citation
'Ceratonia' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/ceratonia/). Accessed 2021-09-26.

Ceratonia comprises two species: the common C. siliqua of the Mediterranean and Middle East, and the rare and poorly known C. oreothauma Hillc., G.P. Lewis & Verdc. of Somalia and Oman (Hillcoat et al. 1980). Carobs are evergreen trees or shrubs with dense, broad, rounded crowns. They are unarmed, and have minute, caducous stipules. The leaves are pinnate with an even number of leaflets (paripinnate), usually two to five pairs; they are typically glossy, dark green and leathery. Ceratonia species may be dioecious, polygamous or both. The axillary inflorescences are short, catkin-like racemes bearing 30–50 flowers. The flowers are 5-merous with a deciduous calyx and no petals. The fruit is a pendent, indehiscent legume containing a sweet mucilaginous pulp and 5–15 seeds (Ball 1968, Allen & Allen 1981).