Crinodendron hookerianum Gay

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Credits

Article from Bean's Trees and Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles

Recommended citation
'Crinodendron hookerianum' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/crinodendron/crinodendron-hookerianum/). Accessed 2021-09-25.

Synonyms

  • Tricsupidaria lanceolata Miq.
  • T. dependens Hort., not Ruiz & Pavon

Other taxa in genus

Glossary

corolla
The inner whorl of the perianth. Composed of free or united petals often showy.
calyx
(pl. calyces) Outer whorl of the perianth. Composed of several sepals.
lanceolate
Lance-shaped; broadest in middle tapering to point.
midrib
midveinCentral and principal vein in a leaf.
synonym
(syn.) (botanical) An alternative or former name for a taxon usually considered to be invalid (often given in brackets). Synonyms arise when a taxon has been described more than once (the prior name usually being the one accepted as correct) or if an article of the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature has been contravened requiring the publishing of a new name. Developments in taxonomic thought may be reflected in an increasing list of synonyms as generic or specific concepts change over time.

References

There are no active references in this article.

Credits

Article from Bean's Trees and Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles

Recommended citation
'Crinodendron hookerianum' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/crinodendron/crinodendron-hookerianum/). Accessed 2021-09-25.

An evergreen shrub or small tree up to 10 or 30 ft high, sometimes more, of a stiff, bushy growth; young wood felted with grey down. Leaves oblong-lanceolate, pointed; 112 to 5 in. long, 12 to 114 in. wide; coarsely toothed except towards the tapering base, dark green above and downy on the midrib, paler beneath and downy on the midrib and chief veins, stiff and hard in texture; stalk 13 in. or less long, downy. Flowers produced singly from the terminal leaf-axils each on a stout, stiff, downward-pointing stalk 2 to 3 in. long. Corolla urn-shaped, 1 to 114 in. long, rich crimson, very fleshy, grooved, toothed at the narrow mouth; calyx downy. Bot. Mag., t. 7160.

Native of Chile in the provinces of Valdivia and Llanquihue and on the Island of Chiloe; introduced by William Lobb for Messrs Veitch in 1848, and for the same firm by Pearce about ten years later. It thrives best in such places as the Isle of Wight, Cornwall, Ireland, and the west of Scotland, and where it succeeds it is one of the most attractive of all shrubs. At Kilmacurragh, Co. Wicklow, it was 26 ft high. Perhaps the most remarkable specimen in the British Isles is at Brodick in the Isle of Arran. Planted around 1930, it measured 38 ft in height in 1965 and is still growing. At Mount Usher in Co. Wicklow there is an example 18 ft high. A plant on the east wall of the office of the National Pinetum, Bedgebury, Kent, has grown and flowered for years, in spite of setbacks in cold winters. It was planted by the late William Dallimore about 1927.

This species has the curious habit of pushing out its flower-stalks in autumn, but the flowers do not open until the following May. It likes a partially shaded spot; the leaves are often ‘scorched’ and brown at the margins when the plant stands fully exposed to sunshine or wind. It is better known in gardens as Tricuspidaria lanceolata, but the generic name Crinodendron has priority. It has also been grown as “T. dependens”, which is a synonym of C. patagua.