Elliottia racemosa Elliott

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Credits

Article from Bean's Trees and Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles

Recommended citation
'Elliottia racemosa' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/elliottia/elliottia-racemosa/). Accessed 2021-09-23.

Genus

Glossary

calyx
(pl. calyces) Outer whorl of the perianth. Composed of several sepals.
capsule
Dry dehiscent fruit; formed from syncarpous ovary.
Extinct
IUCN Red List conservation category: ‘there is no reasonable doubt that the last individual [of taxon] has died’.
glabrous
Lacking hairs smooth. glabrescent Becoming hairless.
globose
globularSpherical or globe-shaped.
panicle
A much-branched inflorescence. paniculate Having the form of a panicle.
raceme
Unbranched inflorescence with flowers produced laterally usually with a pedicel. racemose In form of raceme.
reflexed
Folded backwards.
style
Generally an elongated structure arising from the ovary bearing the stigma at its tip.

References

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Credits

Article from Bean's Trees and Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles

Recommended citation
'Elliottia racemosa' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/elliottia/elliottia-racemosa/). Accessed 2021-09-23.

A deciduous shrub 4 to 10 ft high, or occasionally a small tree twice as large; young shoots downy. Leaves narrowly oval or obovate, tapering towards both ends, 2 to 5 in. long, 34 to 134 in. wide, dark dull green and glabrous above, paler and sparsely hairy beneath; stalk 14 to 12 in. long, hairy. Flowers thinly arranged in a terminal raceme or panicle 4 to 10 in. high, pure white, slightly fragrant; petals four, oblong, rounded at the end, 58 in. long, reflexed, downy at the margins; calyx 18 in. diameter, with four rounded lobes; stamens eight, shorter than the petals, and with broad, flattened stalks; style as long as the petals. Flower-stalk white, slender, usually one- sometimes three-flowered, 12 to 34 in. long, with a pair of tiny bracts midway. Fruit a flattened-globose capsule 38 in. wide; seeds winged. Bot. Mag., t. 8413.

Native of Georgia and S. Carolina in the southern United States, and only found in a few isolated spots. It was introduced to England in 1894, when Mr Berckmans of Augusta, Georgia, sent a plant to Kew. It first flowered in July 1911. It was believed at one time that this beautiful and interesting shrub had become extinct in the wild, but about 1933 W. A. Knight of Biltmore, North Carolina, discovered the species growing in quantity in Georgia and re­introduced it to cultivation by means of seeds and young plants in 1937 (see New Flora and Sylva, Vol. 10, pp. 154-64, 1938). In 1958 arrangements were being made for the main area where the species grows to be carefully preserved.

From the Supplement (Vol. V)

This species was introduced to Britain in 1974 by means of rooted cuttings sent by the Arnold Arboretum and has already flowered in several gardens. See further the note by A. D. Schilling in The Garden (Journ. R.H.S.), Vol. 109, pp. 349-50 (1984).