Enkianthus campanulatus (Miq.) Nichols.

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Credits

Article from Bean's Trees and Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles

Recommended citation
'Enkianthus campanulatus' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/enkianthus/enkianthus-campanulatus/). Accessed 2021-09-22.

Synonyms

  • Andromeda campanulata Miq.

Glossary

corolla
The inner whorl of the perianth. Composed of free or united petals often showy.
ovary
Lowest part of the carpel containing the ovules; later developing into the fruit.
alternate
Attached singly along the axis not in pairs or whorls.
bud
Immature shoot protected by scales that develops into leaves and/or flowers.
calyx
(pl. calyces) Outer whorl of the perianth. Composed of several sepals.
campanulate
Bell-shaped.
corolla
The inner whorl of the perianth. Composed of free or united petals often showy.
glabrous
Lacking hairs smooth. glabrescent Becoming hairless.
lanceolate
Lance-shaped; broadest in middle tapering to point.
raceme
Unbranched inflorescence with flowers produced laterally usually with a pedicel. racemose In form of raceme.
style
Generally an elongated structure arising from the ovary bearing the stigma at its tip.
umbel
Inflorescence in which pedicels all arise from same point on peduncle. May be flat-topped (as in e.g. Umbelliferae) to spherical (as in e.g. Araliaceae). umbellate In form of umbel.
variety
(var.) Taxonomic rank (varietas) grouping variants of a species with relatively minor differentiation in a few characters but occurring as recognisable populations. Often loosely used for rare minor variants more usefully ranked as forms.

References

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Credits

Article from Bean's Trees and Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles

Recommended citation
'Enkianthus campanulatus' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/enkianthus/enkianthus-campanulatus/). Accessed 2021-09-22.

A deciduous shrub usually 4 to 12 ft high, occasionally a small tree, branches in whorls; young shoots glabrous, reddish. Leaves produced in a cluster at the the end of the twig, or alternate on strong growths; obovate to oval, tapered more gradually towards the base, finely toothed, 1 to 212 in. long, 12 to 114 in. wide, hairy on the veins of both surfaces, dull green; stalk 18 to 58 in. long. Flowers produced during May from the terminal bud of the previous year’s growth in a hairy raceme sometimes almost reduced to an umbel. Corolla bell-shaped, 13 in. long, pendulous, with five rounded lobes, pale creamy yellow, veined and tipped with red; calyx with five lanceolate, pointed divisions 16 in. long; stamens very short; flower-stalk downy, 12 to 1 in. long. Ovary and style glabrous. Seed-vessel egg-shaped, 34 in. long.

Native of Japan; introduced in 1880, by Maries, for Messrs Veitch. This is the most satisfactory of the species of Enkianthus in our gardens, being quite hardy and flowering freely. It is sometimes cut by late frost. In the Arnold Arboretum, Mass., where the frosts are much more severe than ours, it succeeds remarkably well. The leaves turn golden and red in autumn.

From the Supplement (Vol. V)

† var. sikokianus Palib. E. sikokianus (Palib.) Ohwi – Leaves of a more broadly obovate shape than in the typical variety; corolla broad-campanulate, red. Native of Japan in Shikoku and one district of the main island.


f. albiflorus (Mak.) Mak.

Synonyms
E. pallidiflorus Craib

Flowers white or greenish white. Bot. Mag., n.s., t. 512.

var. matsudae (Komatsu) Mak.

Synonyms
E. matsudae Komatsu

Leaves broadly lanceolate to narrowly ovate, rather coarsely toothed. Flowers deep red.

var. palibinii Bean

Synonyms
E. palibinii (Bean) Craib
E. rubicundus Matsumura & Nakai

The plant figured in Bot. Mag., t. 7059 is a distinct form, the flowers being almost wholly of a rich deep red, rather smaller than in the ordinary form, and produced in a distinct raceme. There is a conspicuous line of reddish down bordering the base of the midrib of the leaf beneath. Similar plants are found in the wild state.E. campanulatus varies somewhat in the shape of its leaves, the length of the inflorescences, colour of flower, depth of lobing of the corolla and length of style. W. G. Craib (Notes Bot. Gard. Edin., Vol. 11, Oct. 1919) made a number of species out of these variations, described from plants raised from Japanese seed (perhaps of garden origin) in the Edinburgh Botanic Garden. They are: E. ferrugineus, latiflorus, pendulus, recurvus and tectus.