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Hedycarya comprises about 12 species, most of which are endemic to New Caledonia. Hedycarya arborea, however, is endemic to New Zealand, and there is one species in Australia (H. angustifolia A. Cunn.) and one on the Pacific Islands of Fiji, Samoa and Vanuatu (H. dorstenioides A. Gray). Of these, only H. arborea is cultivated in our area. Hedycarya species are dioecious trees or shrubs with opposite or subopposite, entire or dentate leaves. Inflorescences are paniculate and include one to many flowers; they may be solitary or clustered, axillary or terminal, and can be produced on the major branches (ramiflory) or the main stem (cauliflory). The flowers are rather small, with a cup-shaped receptacle and insignificant tepals; staminate flowers have approximately 15 stamens inserted into a glabrous receptacle; the receptacle of pistillate flowers is pubescent inside and contains 5–60 carpels. Each ripe carpel is drupe-like, and they may be entirely free or may fuse together to form a compound fruit (Jérémie 1978).