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This juniper is very rare in cultivation. It was discovered by Wilson in N.W. Szechwan, China, in 1904, and found again by Purdom in Kansu seven years later. Wilson described it as a shapely tree 10 to 48 ft high, of pyramidal shape and dense erect branching. Leaves scale-like, closely pressed to the stem, ‘clear deep green’, about 1⁄12 in. long, the exposed portion diamond-shaped, incurved at the bluntish tip and with a gland at the base. The tree is bi-sexual, its egg-shaped or nearly globose fruits about 1⁄5 in. long, black, shining and one-seeded. It appears to be most nearly related to J. wallichiana, which has berries twice as long. Wilson records that there are extensive woods of this juniper in the neighbourhood of Sungpan and that most of the houses in this city are built of it.