Magnolia Cultivars L

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Credits

Julian Sutton (2022)

Recommended citation
Sutton, J. (2022), 'Magnolia Cultivars L' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/magnolia/magnolia-cultivars-l/). Accessed 2022-12-01.

Genus

Other taxa in genus

Glossary

Credits

Julian Sutton (2022)

Recommended citation
Sutton, J. (2022), 'Magnolia Cultivars L' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/magnolia/magnolia-cultivars-l/). Accessed 2022-12-01.

Our primary references for cultivar information are Jim Gardiner’s (2000) ‘Magnolias: a Gardener’s Guide’ and Matt Lobdell’s (2021) register of cultivars for Magnolia Society International. Further references are cited where relevant. Other important accounts of cultivars include Dorothy Callaway’s (1994) ‘The World of Magnolias’ and (in German) Beet Heerdegen and Reto Eisenhut’s (2020) ‘Magnolien und Tulpenbäume: Magnoliaceae’. Magnolia Society International’s journal ‘Magnolia’ is an ongoing trove of information.


'Lanarth'

See Magnolia campbellii ‘Lanarth’.


'Laura Saylor'

M. denudata 'Sawada's Pink' × M. sprengeri 'Diva'

Synonyms / alternative names
Magnolia 'Laura'

RHS Hardiness Rating: H6

USDA Hardiness Zone: 5-8

Flowers precocious, April in S England, large, upright and cup-shaped; tepals 9–12, bright pink outside, pale pink – almost white – inside; leaves resembling M. sprengeri but only about ¾ the size. An erect small tree raised 1976 by Phil Savage, MI, and named for his daughter. Commended by Philippe de Spoelberch as ‘spectacular, hardy’ (pers. comm. 2021).


'Leda'

M. 'Pegasus' × probably M. campbellii Alba Group

Synonyms / alternative names
Magnolia 'White Lips'

RHS Hardiness Rating: H5

USDA Hardiness Zone: 7-9

Flowers precocious and early, cup-and-saucer-shaped to 23 cm across, pure white, susceptible to frost; tepals 9, thick and pointed. A large shrub or small tree, very beautiful when climate and season allow. This variety has a complex and confusing history. Raised around 1973 from open pollinated seed of M. ‘Pegasus’ grown at Chyverton, Cornwall (as M. cylindrica), by Dutch nurseryman Dick van Gelderen, it was then given to fellow Boskoop nurseryman Rein Bulk, who on flowering it suspected M. campbellii influence. It was distributed in the Dutch nursery trade both as M. cylindrica and (prior to registration) M. ‘Leda’, allowing the synonym ‘White Lips’ to be inadvertantly registered: see Lobdell (2021) and Arboretum Wespelaar (2022) for further detail. Its early flowering can be a problem in some climates: ‘always frosted’ notes Philippe de Spoelberch, Belgium (pers. comm. 2021). In Greek mythology, Leda was seduced or raped by Zeus in the form of a swan, hatching Helen of Troy from one of the resulting eggs.


'Lemon Star'

M. acuminata × M. kobus 'Norman Gould'

Synonyms / alternative names
Magnolia 'Swedish Star'

RHS Hardiness Rating: H6

USDA Hardiness Zone: 5-9

Flowers appearing with or just before the leaves (from late March, S England), opening wide; tepals 6, narrow, yellow-green outside, creamy white inside – a ‘lemon ice cream’ effect. A small, spreading tree with rich golden brown autumn colour. From a cross made by August Kehr, 1992; grown at Arboretum Wespelaar and selected by Philippe de Spoelberch. Williams, Gardiner & Gallagher (2016) highlight it as ‘stunningly different’.


'Lennei'

See Magnolia × soulangeana ‘Lennei’.


'Lennei Alba'

See Magnolia × soulangeana ‘Lennei Alba’.


'Leonard Messel'

See Magnolia × loebneri ‘Leonard Messel’.


'Lilenne'

See Magnolia × soulangeana ‘Lilenne’.


'Lilliputian'

See Magnolia × soulangeana ‘Lilliputian’.


'Limelight'

M. acuminata 'Miss Honeybee' × (M. × soulangeana)

RHS Hardiness Rating: H6

USDA Hardiness Zone: 5-9

Flowers with or just before the new leaves (March–April in W Europe), tulip-shaped, greenish yellow; a small, sometimes multistemmed tree or large shrub raised by Phil Savage, MI, before 2002. The identity of the M. × soulangeana parent is unclear (Lobdell 2021; Magnolia Society International 2003). The habit of this cultivar, quite widely marketed in Europe, seems to divide opinion: ‘capricious growing’ (van den Berk Nurseries 2022); ‘has a strange low spreading habit’ (Williams 2022); ‘vigorous multistemed tree. One of the best new magnolias in the collection’ (Piet Vergeldt Boomkwekerij 2022).


'Little Gem'

See Magnolia grandiflora ‘Little Gem’.


'Livingstone'

M. sprengeri var. diva × M. 'Vulcan'

RHS Hardiness Rating: H6

USDA Hardiness Zone: 6-8

Flowers precocious, April in S England, cup-shaped, vivid reddish purple. An upright, pyramidal small tree raised before 2013 by Ian Baldick, New Zealand, and named for his Auckland garden (Magnolia Grove 2022).


'Lois'

M. acuminata × (M. acuminata × M. denudata)

Awards
AGM

RHS Hardiness Rating: H6

USDA Hardiness Zone: 5-9

Flowers precocious, over a 4–5 week period (from mid-April, S England), fragrant; tepals 9, primrose yellow, to 8 cm long. A medium tree much resembling ‘Elizabeth’ but with the yellow colour tending not to fade. A backcross from a sibling of ‘Elizabeth’ made by Lola Koerting, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 1964; named for Lois Carswell, a trustee of the garden, 1998. Perhaps the best of the ‘Brooklyn Yellows’; Philippe de Spoelberch considers it among the best of all yellows (pers. comm. 2021).


'Lotus'

M. × soulangeana 'Lennei Alba' × M. 'Mark Jury'

RHS Hardiness Rating: H5

USDA Hardiness Zone: 7-9

Flowers precocious, late March to April in S England, large, creamy white marked pink at the base, usually described as ‘lotus-shaped’. An upright, small to medium tree raised by Felix Jury, New Zealand, introduced 1988. Takes longer to settle to regular flowering than ‘Athene’ or ‘Milky Way’ which both share the same parentage (Jury 2017; Jury & Jury 2021).


'Lu Shan'

Trees in Europe under this name have erect, precocious, pure white flowers and are attributed to Phil Savage, MI (Frank P Matthews 2022; Piet Vergeldt Boomkwekerij 2022). They are presumed to represent one of the many hybrid seedlings raised from “M. cylindrica” seed originating at Lu Shan Botanical Garden (see under M. cylindrica); Savage may not have intended the tag to apply to any specific seedling (Lobdell 2021).


'Lv Xing'

(hybrid of?) M. cylindrica

Synonyms / alternative names
Magnolia GREEN DIAMOND
Magnolia 'Sunrise' misapplied

RHS Hardiness Rating: H6

USDA Hardiness Zone: 5-9

Flowers precocious, vase-shaped with 6 inner tepals, sometimes opening flat, yellow-green to white with purple-red midvein grading into purple-red base; some reflowering through the summer. A shrub or very small tree 2–3 m in height, introduced before 2016 by Xi’an Botanical Garden, Shaanxi, China (Lobdell 2021; Magnolia Society International 2017; Burncoose Nurseries 2022). GREEN DIAMOND appears to be a Trade Designation for the same plant; it was also sold in Europe as ‘Sunrise’ against the raiser’s wishes, but that name had also been used earlier for a Dennis Ledvina hybrid (Lobdell 2021).


'Lydia'

See Magnolia obovata ‘Lydia’.