Malus Cultivars C

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Credits

Julian Sutton (species), Nick Dunn (cultivars)

Recommended citation
Sutton, J. & Dunn, N., 'Malus Cultivars C' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/malus/malus-cultivars-c/). Accessed 2021-07-24.

Genus

Glossary

hybrid
Plant originating from the cross-fertilisation of genetically distinct individuals (e.g. two species or two subspecies).

References

There are no active references in this article.

Credits

Julian Sutton (species), Nick Dunn (cultivars)

Recommended citation
Sutton, J. & Dunn, N., 'Malus Cultivars C' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/malus/malus-cultivars-c/). Accessed 2021-07-24.

We aim to include the most important contemporary ornamental cultivars in Europe and North America, a few likely to become so, and a selection of significant older varieties. Orchard apples are excluded. Where a cultivar can confidently be attributed to a species or hybrid nothospecies, we duplicate the description there, but these cultivar pages include everything.


'Calocarpa'

Synonyms
Malus × zumi 'Calocarpa'
Malus × zumi var. calocarpa (Rehd.) Rehd.
Malus sieboldii var. calocarpa Rehd.
Malus sieboldii 'Calocarpa' sensu Fiala

Growth Rate/Size: Medium (<6 m)
Form/shape/habit: Dense, upright to spreading
Foliage: Green, only the later-emerging leaves lobed
Flower colour: Blush to white, from deep red buds
Flower size: Medium (<4cm)
Flower form: Single
Fruit size: Small (<2 cm)
Fruit colour: Bright red to orange-red
Fruit season: Persistent
Disease resistance/susceptibility: Resistant
Parentage/origin: Selected from seed sent from Japan by William Bigelow in 1890
Raiser/collector: Arnold Arboretum, MA, USA
General notes: Notes based on Fiala’s (1994) description of the original Arnold clone; nurseries have sometimes offered variable seedlings under the name. An important parent of cultivars. The entire concept of M. × zumi (q.v.) is a shaky one, but if it exists, ‘Calocarpa’ is almost certainly a part of it.
​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​(Description duplicated under Malus × zumi ‘Calocarpa’)


'Candymint Sargent'

Synonyms
Malus 'Candymint'
Malus toringo var. sargentii 'Candymint Sargent'
Malus sargentii 'Candymint Sargent'

Growth Rate / Size: Small (<4 m)
Form/shape/habit: Umbrella
Foliage: Small, tapered, purplish
Flower colour: Soft pink centre, edged darker pink
Flower size: Medium (<4 cm)
Flower form: Single
Flower season: Mid
Fruit size: Very small (<1 cm)
Fruit shape: Round
Fruit colour: Dark purple
Fruit season: Mid
Disease resistance/susceptibility: Highly resistant
Parentage/origin: Seedling of M. toringo var. sargentii
Raiser/collector: Robert Simpson, Simpson Nursery Co, IN, USA
Date of introduction: 1987
General notes: A healthy, elegant small tree, with delicate pale pink flowers on long stalks with darker pink petal fringes. One of the most charming crab apples, perfect for small gardens. PP 6606 granted 1989.


'Cascole'

Synonyms
Malus WHITE CASCADE®

Growth Rate/Size: Medium (<6 m)
Form/shape/habit: Weeping
Foliage: Green
Flower colour: White from pink buds
Flower form: Single
Flower season: Early
Fruit size: Small to very small (about 1 cm)
Fruit colour: Green-yellow
Parentage/origin: Open pollinated seedling of M. × zumi
Disease resistance/susceptibility: Highly resistant
Raiser/collector: Henry Ross, Gardenview Horticultural Park, OH, USA
Date of introduction: 1974 by Cole Nursery, OH
General notes: An abundant annual flowerer. PP 3644.


'Charlottae'

Synonyms
Malus coronaria 'Charlottae'

Growth Rate / Size: Small (<4 m)
Form/shape/habit: Broadly spreading
Foliage: Lobed, turning bronze in autumn
Flower colour: Soft pink
Flower size: Large (>4 cm)
Flower form: Semi-double to double, with 12–20 petals; fragrant
Flower season: Very late
Fruit size: Small (<2 cm), variable, sparse
Fruit shape: Round
Fruit colour: Green to green-yellow
Fruit season: Mid
Disease resistance/susceptibility: Low susceptibility
Parentage/origin: Wild M. coronaria seedling, Waukegan, IL, USA
Raiser/collector: Edward and/or Charlotte de Wolf
Date of introduction: 1902
General notes: An unusual selection of some merit for its flower quality, a fragrant double. The leaves offer good autumn colours, often overlooked with M. coronaria selections. Fruit is sparse (compare single-flowered but heavily cropping M. coronaria ‘Elk River’).

(Description duplicated under Malus coronaria ‘Charlottae’)


'Cheal's Weeping'

Synonyms
Malus 'Cheal's Scarlet Weeping'

Growth Rate/Size: Small (<4 m)
Form/shape/habit: Broad, weeping
Foliage: Purplish-green
Flower colour: Deep red-pink from dark purplish-red buds
Flower form: Single
Fruit size: Medium (<3 cm)
Fruit colour: Red
Raiser/collector: Joseph Cheal & Sons, Crawley
Date of introduction: 1950


'Cinzam'

Synonyms
Malus CINDERELLA®

Growth Rate / Size: Very small (<1.25 m), taller if top grafted
Form/shape/habit: Rounded, densely bushy
Foliage: Small, turning yellow in autumn
Flower colour: White from red buds
Flower size: Very small (<2 cm)
Flower form: Single
Flower season: Mid
Fruit size: Very small (<1 cm)
Fruit shape: Round
Fruit colour: Yellow/golden
Fruit season: Mid
Disease resistance/susceptibility: Highly resistant
Raiser/collector: Bred by James Zampini, Lake County Nursery, OH, USA
Date of introduction: 1991
General notes: One of the ‘Round Table’ series of very dwarf crab apples. With patience this shrubby tree will eventually impress; the fruit are a clear vibrant yellow, very small and dainty.


'Comtesse de Paris'

Awards
AGM

Growth Rate / Size: Medium (<6 m)
Form/shape/habit: Rounded, dense
Foliage: Large
Flower colour: White from red-pink buds
Flower size: Medium (<4 cm)
Flower form: Single
Flower season: Late
Fruit size: Medium (<3 cm)
Fruit shape: Elliptic with tapered calyx
Fruit colour: Yellow/golden
Fruit season: Late
Disease resistance/susceptibility: Highly resistant
Parentage/origin: Seedling of M. hupehensis
Raiser/collector: Bred by Jean-Pierre Hennebelle, Pas de Calais, France
Date of introduction: c. 1985
General notes: One of the most long-lasting of the yellow fruited crabs, and a handsome tree. The fruit is clean and stays on well into the Christmas period. A good, healthy, strong-growing tree for all garden and landscape uses.


‘Coppurple’

Synonyms
Malus PERFECT PURPLE

Growth Rate/Size: Medium (<6 m)
Form/shape/habit: Rounded
Foliage: Dark purple
Flower colour: Reddish-pink
Flower form: Single
Fruit size: Small (<2 cm)
Fruit shape: Round
Fruit colour: Red-purple
Disease resistance/susceptibility: Highly resistant to mildew; fair scab and fireblight resistance
Raiser/collector: Ernie Copp, ID, USA
Date of introduction: By 2012
General notes: Marketed in North America as an improved successor to ‘Royalty’ with better form, improved disease resistance, and good cold-hardiness.


'Coralcole'

Synonyms
Malus CORALBURST®

Awards
AGM

Growth Rate / Size: Very small (<1.25 m)
Form/shape/habit: Rounded, dense
Foliage: Small
Flower colour: Coral/rose-pink
Flower size: Small (<3 cm)
Flower form: Double
Flower season: Late
Fruit size: Very small (<1 cm)
Fruit shape: Round
Fruit colour: Pale yellow-green with occasional blush
Fruit season: Mid
Disease resistance/susceptibility: Highly resistant
Parentage/origin: Opened pollinated seedling: both ‘Van Eseltine’ and M. × zumi have been claimed as the mother
Raiser/collector: Henry Ross, Garden View Horticultural Park, OH, USA
Date of introduction: 1968 by Cole Nursery, OH
General notes: One of the few polyploid crab apple cultivars, an octoploid. A compact dwarf, in the UK 20-year-old trees barely reach 1.5 m. The double flowers are particularly dense and pretty with their coral-red buds opening to show two-tone pink petals. With patience this will become one of the most celebrated spring flowering trees for any garden. Good disease resistance. PP 2983 granted 1970


'Cowichan'

Growth Rate / Size: Large (>6 m)
Form/shape/habit: Rounded, open
Foliage: Large, red tinted
Flower colour: Pale lavender from rose-pink buds
Flower size: Large (>4 cm)
Flower form: Single
Flower season: Early
Fruit size: Large (>3 cm)
Fruit shape: Round
Fruit colour: Reddish-purple
Fruit season: Mid
Disease resistance/susceptibility: High susceptibility
Parentage/origin: Open pollinated seedling of M. sieversii f. niedzwetzkyana
Raiser/collector: Isabella Preston, Ontario, Canada
Date of introduction: 1920
General notes: Not often grown due to its susceptibility to leaf scab, but an impressive flower like many of the rosybloom crabapples derived from niedzwetzkyana. Named for Lake Cowichan, Vancouver Island.


'Crimson Cascade'

Synonyms
Malus × purpurea 'Crimson Cascade'

Growth Rate / Size: Small (<4 m)
Form/shape/habit: Stiffly weeping
Foliage: Narrowly pointed, purple
Flower colour: Dark crimson
Flower size: Small (<3 cm)
Flower form: Single
Flower season: Mid
Fruit size: Very small (<1 cm)
Fruit shape: Round
Fruit colour: Red-purple
Fruit season: Mid
Disease resistance/susceptibility: Low susceptibility
Parentage/origin: Open-pollinated seedling of Malus ‘Aldenhamensis’
Raiser/collector: Dr Alan Warwick, Yorkshire, UK, 2014
Date of introduction: 2017, by Hillier Nurseries
General notes: There are few steeply weeping Malus and this variety has promise. Recently introduced, eventual height and spread can only be estimated. The flower and leaf colour combination is attractive, and its shape will add contrast to any garden scene.


'Crittenden'

Growth Rate / Size: Small (<4 m)
Form/shape/habit: Rounded, dense
Flower colour: Soft pink
Flower size: Medium (<4 cm)
Flower form: Single
Flower season: Mid
Fruit size: Small (<2 cm)
Fruit shape: Round
Fruit colour: Bright red
Fruit season: Late, persistent
Disease resistance/susceptibility: Low susceptibility
Parentage/origin: Seedling from Japan, 1921
Raiser/collector: Unknown, UK
Date of introduction: 1961
General notes: Very similar to M. ‘Red Sentinel’ but with a slightly pink shade to the flower. In some instances, fruit size appears to be marginally larger and colours slightly earlier, certainly persistent well into January most years. Perhaps, like ‘Red Sentinel’, referable to M. × robusta: one of the very best of this type of cultivar. The original tree came from Japan as a seedling in 1921 named “Pyrus malus Toringo”; a tree grafted from this was acquired by B. P. Tompsett of Crittenden House, Matfield, Kent, and received an Award of Merit when exhibited by him in 1961 (Bean 1981).