Malus Cultivars T-Z

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Credits

Julian Sutton (species), Nick Dunn (cultivars) (2021)

Recommended citation
Sutton, J. & Dunn, N. (2021), 'Malus Cultivars T-Z' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/malus/malus-cultivars-t-z/). Accessed 2021-10-15.

Genus

Glossary

hybrid
Plant originating from the cross-fertilisation of genetically distinct individuals (e.g. two species or two subspecies).

References

There are no active references in this article.

Credits

Julian Sutton (species), Nick Dunn (cultivars) (2021)

Recommended citation
Sutton, J. & Dunn, N. (2021), 'Malus Cultivars T-Z' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/malus/malus-cultivars-t-z/). Accessed 2021-10-15.

We aim to include the most important contemporary ornamental cultivars in Europe and North America, a few likely to become so, and a selection of significant older varieties. Orchard apples are excluded. Where a cultivar can confidently be attributed to a species or hybrid nothospecies, we duplicate the description there, but these cultivar pages include everything.


'Thornhayes Tansy'

Synonyms / alternative names
Malus transitoria 'Thornhayes Tansy'

Awards
AGM

Growth Rate/Size: Small (<4 m)
Form/shape/habit: Rounded, dense
Foliage: Small, deeply lobed
Flower colour: White
Flower size: Small (<3 cm)
Flower form: Single
Flower season: Late
Fruit size: Very small (<1 cm)
Fruit shape: Round on long stalks
Fruit colour: Bright yellow
Fruit season: Mid
Disease resistance/susceptibility: Resistant
Parentage/origin: One of a seedling batch from cultivated M. transitoria, raised by R.J. (Dick) Fulcher, then of Bicton College, Devon, UK
Raiser/collector: Selected by Kevin Croucher, Thornhayes Nursery, Devon
Date of introduction: About 1995
General notes: A sibling to M. ‘R.J. Fulcher’, less obviously a hybrid, but its status is uncertain. Smaller and more attractive than M. transitoria as usually seen in Britain, with more finely cut leaves and excellent autumn colour. Ideal for small gardens.


'Thunderchild'

Growth Rate/Size: Medium (<6 m)
Form/shape/habit: Upright, spreading, denser than ‘Royalty’
Foliage: Deep red-purple
Flower colour: Bright red-pink
Flower form: Single
Fruit size: Small (<2 cm)
Fruit shape: Flattened
Fruit colour: Dark red
Fruit season: Persistent
Disease resistance/susceptibility: Susceptible to scab, much more resistant than ‘Royalty’ to fireblight.
Parentage/origin: Open pollinated seedling of ‘Sutherland’
Raiser/collector: Percy H. Wright, Saskatchewan, Canada
Date of introduction: 1978


'Tina'

Synonyms / alternative names
Malus toringo var. sargentii 'Tina'
Malus sargentii 'Tina'

Awards
AGM

Growth Rate/Size: Very small (<1.25 m)
Form/shape/habit: Small, dense, slightly spreading
Foliage: Small, broad, slightly folded.
Flower colour: White with golden anthers, fragrant
Flower size: Small (<3 cm)
Flower form: Single
Flower season: Mid
Fruit size: Very small (<1 cm)
Fruit shape: Round
Fruit colour: Dark red
Fruit season: Early
Disease resistance/susceptibility: Resistant
Parentage/origin: Selected from open pollinated seed of M. toringo var. sargentii collected in Japan
Raiser/collector: William McReynolds, Hook’s Nursery, IL, USA.
Date of introduction: By 1974
General notes: A delightful, even more dwarf version of M. toringo var. sargentii with all its fine features. Sometimes top grafted.


'Van Eseltine'

Growth Rate/Size: Small (<4 m)
Form/shape/habit: Narrowly upright
Foliage: Green
Flower colour: Pink, the inner petals paler or white
Flower size: Large (>4 cm)
Flower form: Double, with 13–19 petals
Flower season: Late
Fruit size: Small (<2 cm)
Fruit shape: Round, sparse
Fruit colour: Yellow with reddish-brown cheeks
Fruit season: Early
Disease resistance/susceptibility: Low susceptibility
Parentage/origin: (M. × arnoldiana) × M. spectabilis
Raiser/collector: Glen P. Van Eseltine, New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, Geneva, USA
Date of introduction: 1930
General notes: One of few double flowered Malus, particularly good for its columnar habit and profuse flowering, the overall effect quite stunning.


'Veitch's Scarlet'

Growth Rate/Size: Medium (<6 m)
Form/shape/habit: Upright, vase-shaped
Foliage: Large, fresh green
Flower colour: White
Flower size: Medium (<4 cm)
Flower form: Single, strikingly clustered
Flower season: Late
Fruit size: Large( >3 cm)
Fruit shape: Oblong/oval
Fruit colour: Bright red
Fruit season: Mid
Disease resistance/susceptibility: Resistant
Parentage/origin: M. ‘Red Pippins’ × (M. × robusta ‘Red Siberian’)
Raiser/collector: James Veitch and Sons, Chelsea, UK
Date of introduction: 1904
General notes: Outstanding for its large, bright red fruit. Unfortunately not widely offered these days


‘Velvetcole’

Synonyms / alternative names
Malus Velvet Pillar™

Growth Rate/Size: Medium (<6 m)
Form/shape/habit: Upright, columnar
Foliage: Dull purple
Flower colour: Pink
Flower size: Medium (<4 cm)
Flower form: Single
Fruit size: Small (<2 cm)
Fruit colour: Reddish
Disease resistance/susceptibility: Moderate resistance, very susceptible to scab.
Raiser/collector: Simpson Orchard Co., IN, USA
Date of introduction: 1981 by Cole Nursery, OH
General notes: Flowers and fruit sparse. PP 4758.


'Wedding Bouquet'

Synonyms / alternative names
Malus x brevipes 'Wedding Bouquet'

Awards
AGM

Growth Rate/Size: Small (<4 m)
Form/shape/habit: Vase shaped
Foliage: Narrowly pointed, dark green
Flower colour: Ivory to white
Flower size: Medium (<4 cm)
Flower form: Single
Flower season: Late
Fruit size: Very small (<1 cm)
Fruit shape: Round
Fruit colour: Dark purple turning red
Fruit season: Late
Disease resistance/susceptibility: Resistant
Parentage/origin: A tree of uncertain origin labelled M. brevipes (itself a very dubious species) at Batsford Arboretum, Gloucestershire, UK
Date of introduction: 2005
General notes: When in full flower this tree is a showstopper. The slight ivory tint to the flowers is one of its many charms, along with healthy foliage throughout the summer, and the very persistent glossy fruit which hang in bunches on long red stalks in winter. For further discussion of origin, see Malus × brevipes.


'Weepcanzam'

Synonyms / alternative names
WEEPING CANDIED APPLE®
CANDIED APPLE

Growth Rate/Size: Small (<4 m)
Form/shape/habit: Semi-weeping/umbrella
Foliage: Small, heavily textured
Flower colour: Deep pink becoming paler from the centre, red buds
Flower size: Medium (<4 cm)
Flower form: Single
Flower season: Mid
Fruit size: Small (<2 cm)
Fruit shape: Round
Fruit colour: Bright cherry-red, glossy
Fruit season: Late
Disease resistance/susceptibility: Low susceptibility
Raiser/collector: James Zampini, Lake County Nursery, OH, USA
Date of introduction: 1976
General notes: A graceful, semi-weeping cultivar whose irregular form adds to its charm. Unusual two-tone flowers and small, persistent, glossy fruit on long stalks make this a delightful little tree for all seasons. PP 4036 granted 1977.


'White Angel'

Synonyms / alternative names
Malus 'Inglis'

Growth Rate/Size: Small (<4 m)
Form/shape/habit: Vase-shaped
Foliage: Dark green
Flower colour: White from pink buds
Flower size: Small (<3 cm)
Flower form: Single
Flower season: Late
Fruit size: Small (<2 cm)
Fruit shape: Round
Fruit colour: Scarlet
Fruit season: Mid
Disease resistance/susceptibility: Low susceptibility
Parentage/origin: Unknown, perhaps a hybrid of M. toringo
Raiser/collector: Inglis Nursery, USA, 1947
Date of introduction: 1962 by Beno’s Nursery, OH
General notes: To be admired for its intense flower and fruit display. Currently available in a limited way on both sides of the Atlantic. It is very unclear which cultivar name takes precedence; certainly ‘White Angel’ was registered in 1962 (Wyman 1963).


'White Star'

Growth Rate/Size: Medium (< 6 m)
Form/shape/habit: Upright, spreading
Foliage: Green
Flower colour: White
Flower size: Small (<3 cm)
Flower form: Single, narrow petals
Flower season: Late
Fruit size: Small (<2 cm)
Fruit shape: Round
Fruit colour: Yellow
Fruit season: Mid
Disease resistance/susceptibility: Resistant
Parentage/origin: Seedling of unknown origin
Raiser/collector: Hugh Ermen, Faversham, Kent, UK
Date of introduction: About 1980
General notes: A vigorous and healthy tree worth noting for its star-shaped flowers with petals well separated. Lightly cropping, the fruit not very distinctive.


‘Winter Gold’

Synonyms / alternative names
Malus 'Wintergold'

Growth Rate/Size: Large (>6 m)
Form/shape/habit: Oval to pyramidal
Foliage: Green
Flower colour: White from carmine buds
Flower size: Small to medium (about 3 cm)
Flower form: Single
Fruit size: Small (<2 cm)
Fruit shape: Round
Fruit colour: Bright yellow even after frost
Fruit season: Very persistent
Disease resistance/susceptibility: Moderately susceptible
Parentage/origin: Probably involves M. toringo
Raiser/collector: Simon Doorenbos, The Hague Parks Department, Netherlands
Date of introduction: 1939–1946


'Wisley Crab'

Growth Rate/Size: Small (<4 m)
Form/shape/habit: Rounded, open
Foliage: Large, purple-red fading dark green
Flower colour: Vinous red
Flower size: Large (>4 cm)
Flower form: Single
Flower season: Early
Fruit size: Very large (>6 cm)
Fruit shape: Round, slightly ribbed
Fruit colour: Dark purple
Fruit season: Early
Disease resistance/susceptibility: Low susceptibility
Parentage/origin: Seedling of Malus sieversii f. niedzwetzkyana
Raiser/collector: RHS Wisley, Surrey, UK
Date of introduction: By 1924
General notes: Similar to M. sieversii f. niedzwetzkyana except for the less intensely red flesh of the fruit, and better scab resistance.