There are currently no active references in this article.
A tree rarely more than 30 ft high, forming a rounded head of branches often as wide as high; young twigs downy. Leaves oval or obovate to almost round, 2 to 31⁄2 in. long, up to 2 in. in width; toothed, shortly and abruptly pointed, tapering or rounded at the base, glossy green and glabrous above, downy when young beneath, becoming almost or quite glabrous by autumn; stalk 1⁄4 to 1 in. long. Flowers deep rosy-red in the bud state, paling to a blush tint when fully open, and then nearly 2 in. across; they are borne each on a downy stalk 3⁄4 to 11⁄4 in. long, in umbels six or eight together; petals normally more than five; calyx and flower-stalk downy. Fruits globose, yellow, 3⁄4 to 1 in. wide, bitter and harsh; calyx persisting at the top; base not hollowed.
M. spectabilis has long been cultivated in N. China but is not recorded there in the wild state. The date of its introduction is not known, but it was cultivated by Dr Fothergill in 1780, and had become fairly common in gardens by the end of the century. The form then cultivated, from which Aiton described the species, had semi-double flowers and is figured in Bot. Mag., t. 267 (1794). A single-flowered form was in cultivation by 1825.
M. spectabilis is one of the most beautiful of the genus in its flowers, but has no beauty in its fruits. It flowers almost invariably in great profusion from the middle of April to the second week in May.
M. spectabilis var. kaido Sieb.
Pyrus s. var. kaido (Sieb.) Kirchn.
Pyrus ringo var. kaido (Sieb.) Wenzig