There are currently no active references in this article.
This species is mainly represented in cultivation by the following variety:
The fine specimen of var. grosseserrata in the Oak Collection at Kew, raised from the 1893 seed, seems to be the only large example in Britain. It measures 60 × 71⁄2 ft (1986).
Quercus mongolica subsp. mongolica is not nearly as common in European cultivation as its sister taxon subsp. crispula, young plants at the Hillier Gardens being the only ones seen in research for this work. As noted above, the broad, round-toothed leaves are distinctive. Several trees labelled Q. liaotungensis are growing well at the Morton Arboretum, from collections made in 1990 by arboretum staff in the Pangquangou Nature Protection Area, Luliang Shan, Shanxi, China. These are making broad trees with good central leaders, up to 7–8 m in height. Their foliage is characteristic of the broad Q. mongolica concept. As an oak for cold winter climates, Q. mongolica is ideal. At Starhill Forest Arboretum in central Illinois it is the first oak to break in spring, but the new leaves are not affected by frost (G. Sternberg, pers. comm. 2006).
Q. grosseserrata Bl.
Q. crispula Bl